"The Boys King Arthur"
OF SIR GARETH OF ORKNEY
The Boys King Arthur
by Sidney Lanier
Illustrated By N.C Wyeth
The Boys King Arthur
OF SIR GARETH OF ORKNEY
WHEN Arthur held his Round Table most fully, it fortuned that he commanded that the high
feast of Pentecost should be holden at a city and a castle, the which in those days was called
King-Kenadon, upon the sands that marched [bordered] nigh Wales. So ever the king had a custom
that at the feast of Pentecost, in especial afore other feasts in the year, he would not go that
day to meat until he had heard or seen of a great marvel. And for that custom all manner of
strange adventures came before Arthur as at that feast before all other feasts. And so Sir
Gawaine, a little tofore noon of the day of Pentecost, espied at a window three men upon
horseback and a dwarf on foot. And so the three men alighted, and the dwarf kept their horses,
and one of the three men was higher than the other twain by a foot and a half. Then Sir Gawaine
went unto the king and said, "Sir, go to your meat, for here at hand come strange adventures."
So Arthur went unto his meat with many other kings. And there were all the knights of the
Round Table, save those that were prisoners or slain at a rencounter. Then at the high feast
evermore they should be fulfilled the whole number of an hundred and fifty, for then was the
Round Table fully accomplished. Right so came into the hall two men well beseen and richly, and
upon their shoulders there leaned the goodliest young man and the fairest that ever they all
saw, and he was large and long, and broad in the shoulders, and well visaged, and the fairest
and the largest handed that ever man saw, but he fared as though he might not go nor bear
himself but if he leaned upon their shoulders. Anon as Arthur saw him, there was made peace
[silence] and room, and right so they went with him unto the high dais, without saying of any
words. Then this big young man pulled him aback, and easily stretched up straight, saying,
"King Arthur, God you bless, and all your fair fellowship, and in especial the fellowship of the
Tabie Round. And for this cause I am come hither, to pray you and require you to give me three
gifts, and they shall not be unreasonably asked, but that ye may worshipfully and honorably
grant them me, and to you no great hurt nor loss. And as for the first gift I will ask now, and
the other two gifts I will ask this day twelvemonth wheresoever ye hold your high feast."
"Now ask," said Arthur, "and ye shall have your asking.
"Now, sir, this is my petition for this feast, that ye will give me meat and drink
sufficiently for this twelvemonth, and at that day I will ask mine other two gifts."
"My fair son," said Arthur, "ask better, I counsel thee, for this is but a simple asking, for
my heart giveth me to thee greatly that thou art come of men of worship, and greatly my conceit
faileth me but thou shalt prove a man of right great worship."
"Sir," said he, "thereof be as it may, I have asked that I will ask."
"Well," said the king, "ye shall have meat and drink enough, I never defended that none,
neither my friend nor my foe. But what is thy name I would wit?"
"I cannot tell you," said he.
"That is marvel," said the king, "that thou knowest not thy name, and thou art the
goodliest young man that ever I saw."
Then the king betook him to Sir Kay, the steward, and charged him that he should give him of
all manner of meats and drinks of the best, and also that he had all manner of finding as though
he were a lord's son.
"That shall little need," said Sir Kay, "to do such cost upon him; for I dare undertake he is
a villain born, and never will make man, for and he had come of gentlemen he would have asked of
you horse and armor, but such as he is, so he asketh. And since he hath no name, I shall give
him a name' that shall be Beaumains, that is Fairhands, and into the kitchen I shall bring him,
and there he shall have fat browis [broth] every day, that he shall be as fat by the
twelvemonth's end as a pork hog."
Right so the two men departed, and left him to Sir Kay, that scorned him and mocked him.
Thereat was Sir Gawaine wroth, and in especial Sir Launcelot bade Sir Kay leave his mocking,
"for I dare lay my head he shall prove a man of great worship."
"Let be," said Sir Kay, "it may not be, by no reason, for as he is, so hath he asked."
"Beware," said Sir Launcelot; "so ye gave the good knight Brewnor, Sir Dinadan's brother, a
name, and ye called him La Cote Mal Taile, and that turned you to anger afterward."
"As for that," said Sir Kay, "this shall never prove none such; for Sir Brewnor desired ever
worship, and this desireth bread and drink, and broth; upon pain of my life he was fostered up
in some abbey, and, howsoever it was, they failed meat and drink, and so hither he is come for
And so Sir Kay bade get him a place and sit down to meat, so Beaumains went to the hall door,
and set him down among boys and lads, and there he eat sadly. And then Sir Launcelot after meat
bade him come to his chamber, and there he should have meat and drink enough. And so did Sir
Gawaine, but he refused them all; he would do none other but as Sir Kay commanded him, for no
proffer. But as touching Sir Gawaine, he had reason to proffer him lodging, meat, and drink,
for that proffer came of his blood, for he was nearer kin to him than he wist. But that Sir
Launcelot did was of his great gentleness and courtesy. So thus he was put into the kitchen,
and lay nightly as the boys of the kitchen did. And so he endured all that twelvemonth, and
never displeased man nor child, but always he was meek and mild. But ever when he saw any
jousting of knights, that would he see and he might. And ever Sir Launcelot would give him gold
to spend, and clothes, and so did Sir Gawaine. And where were any masteries done thereat
would he be, and there might none east the bar or stone to him by two yards. Then would Sir Kay
say, "How like you my boy of the kitchen?" So it passed on till the feast of Pentecost, and at
that time the king held it at Caerleon, in the most royallest wise that might be, like as yearly
he did. But the king would eat no meat on the Whitsunday till he had heard of some adventure.
And then came there a squire to the king, and said, "Sir, ye may go to your meat, for here
cometh a damsel with some strange adventure." Then was the king glad, and set him down. Right
so there came in a damsel, and saluted the king, and prayed him for succor.
"For whom!" said the king' "what is the adventure!"
"Sir," said she, "I have a lady of great worship and renown, and she is besieged with a
tyrant, so that she may not go out of her castle, and because that here in your court are called
the noblest knights of the world, I come unto you and pray you for succor."
"What call ye your lady, and where dwelleth she, and who is he and what is his name that hath
"Sir king," said she, "as for my lady's name, that shall not be known for me as at this time;
but I let you wit she is a lady of great worship, and of great lands. And as for the tyrant
that besiegeth her and destroyeth her land, he is called the red knight of the red lawns."
"I know him not," said the king.
"Sir," said Sir Gawaine, "I know him well, for he is one of the perilous knights of the
world; men say that he hath seven men's strength, and from him I escaped once full hard with my
"Fair damsel," said the king, "there be knights here that would do their power to rescue your
lady, but because ye will not tell her name nor where she dwelleth, therefore none of my knights
that be here now shall go with you by my will."
"Then must I speak further," said the damsel.
Then with these words came before the king Beaumains, while the damsel was there; and thus he
said: "Sir king, God thank you, I have been this twelve months in your kitchen, and have had my
full sustenance, and now I will ask my two gifts that be behind."
"Ask upon my peril," said the king.
"Sir, these shall be my two gifts: first, that ye will grant me to have this adventure of the
damsel, for it belongeth to me."
"Thou shalt have it," said the king; "I grant it thee."
"Then, sir, this is now the other gift' that ye shall bid Sir Launcelot du Lake to make me a
knight, for of him I will be made knight, and else of none; and when I am passed, I pray you let
him ride after me, and make me knight when I require him."
"All this shall be done," said the king.
"Fie on thee," said the damsel; "shall I have none but one that is your kitchen page?"
Then was she wroth, and took her horse and departed. And with that there came one to
Beaumains, and told him that his horse and armor was come for him, and there was a dwarf come
with all things that him needed in the richest manner. Thereat all the court had much marvel
from whence came all that gear. So when he was armed, there was none but few so goodly a man as
he was. And right so he came into the hall, and took his leave of King Arthur and of Sir
Gawaine, and of Sir Launcelot, and prayed him that he would hie after him; and so departed and
rode after the damsel.
But there went many after to behold how well he was horsed and trapped in cloth of gold, but
he had neither shield nor spear. Then Sir Kay said openly in the hall' "I will ride after my
boy of the kitchen, for to wit [know] whether he will know me for his better."
Sir Launcelot and Sir Gawaine said, "Yet abide at home."
So Sir Kay made him ready, and took his horse and his spear, and rode after him. And right as
Beaumains overtook the damsel, right so came Sir Kay, and said, "Beaumains, what sir, know ye
Then he turned his horse, and knew it was Sir Kay, that had done him all the despite as ye
have heard afore.
"Yea," said Beaumains, "I know you for an ungentle knight of the court, and therefore beware
Therewith Sir Kay put his spear in the rest and ran straight upon him, and Beaumains came as
fast upon him with his sword in his hand; and so he put away his spear with his sword, and with
a loin [feint] thrust him through the side, that Sir Kay fell down as he had been dead, and he
alighted down and took Sir Kay's shield and his spear, and started upon his own horse, and rode
his way. All that saw Sir Launcelot, and so did the damsel. And then he bade his dwarf start
upon Sir Kay's horse, and so he did. By that Sir Launcelot was come. Then he proffered Sir
Launcelot to joust, and either made them ready, and came together so fiercely that either bare
down other to the earth, and sore were they bruised. Then Sir Launcelot arose and helped him
from his horse. And then Beaumains threw his shield from him, and proffered to fight with Sir
Launcelot on foot, and so they rushed together like boars, tracing, racing, and foining, to the
mountenanee [amount] of an hour, and Sir Launcelot felt him so big that he marvelled of his
strength, for he fought more like a giant than a knight, and that his fighting was durable and
passing perilous. For Sir Launcelot had so much ado with him that he dreaded himself to be
shamed, and said, "Beaumains, fight not so sore, your quarrel and mine is not so great but we
may leave off."
"Truly, that is truth," said Beaumains, "but it doth me good to feel your might, and yet, my
lord, I showed not the uttermost."
"Well," said Sir Launcelot, "for I promise you by the faith of my body I had as much to do as
I might to save myself from you unshamed, and therefore have ye no doubt of none earthly knight."
"Hope ye so that I may any while stand a proved knight.?" said Beaumains.
"Yea," said Launcelot, "do ye as ye have done, and I shall be your warrant."
"Then, I pray you," said Beaumains, "give me the order of knighthood."
"Then must ye tell me your name," said Launcelot, "and of what kin ye be born."
"Sir, so that ye will not discover me I shall," said Beaumains.
"Nay," said Sir Launcelot, "and that I promise you by the faith of my body, until it be openly
"Then, Sir," he said, "my name is Gareth, and brother unto Sir Gawaine, of father and
"Ah! Sir," said Launcelot, "I am more gladder of you than I was, for ever me thought ye
should be of great blood, and that ye came not to the court neither for meat nor for drink."
And then Sir Launcelot gave him the order of knighthood. And then Sir Gareth prayed him for to
depart, and let him go. So Sir Launcelot departed from him and came to Sir Kay, and made him
to be borne home upon his shield, and so he was healed hard with the life, and all men scorned
Sir Kay, and in especial Sir Gawaine and Sir Launcelot said it was not his part to rebuke [any]
young man, for full little knew he of what birth he is come, and for what cause he came to this
court. And so we leave off Sir Kay and turn we unto Beaumains. When he had overtaken the
damsel anon she said, "What dost thou here? thou stinkest all of the kitchen, thy dothes be
foul of the grease and tallow that thou gainedst in King Arthur's kitchen; weenest thou,"
said she, "that I allow thee for yonder knight that thou killedst.l? Nay truly, for thou
slewest him unhappily and cowardly, therefore return again, kitchen page. I know thee well,
for Sir Kay named thee Beaumains. What art thou but a turner of broaches and a washer of
"Damsel," said Sir Beaumains, "say to me what ye list, I will not go from you whatsoever ye
say, for I have undertaken of King Arthur for to achieve your adventure, and I shall finish it
to the end, or I shall die therefor."
"Fie on thee, kitchen knave. Wilt thou finish mine adventure? thou shalt anon be met withal,
that thou wouldest not, for all the broth that ever thou suppest, once look him in the face."
"I shall assay," said Beaumains. So as they thus rode in the wood, there came a man flying
all that he might.
"Whither wilt thou?" said Beaumains.
"O lord," said he, "help me, for hereby in a slade are six thieves which have taken my lord
and bound him, and I am afraid lest they will slay him."
"Bring me thither," said Sir Beaumains.
And so they rode together till they came there as the knight was bound; and then he rode
unto the thieves, and struck one at the first stroke to death, and then another, and at the
third stroke he slew the third thief; and then the other three fled, and he rode after and
overtook them, and then those three thieves turned again and hard assailed Sir Beaumains; but at
the last he slew them; and then returned and unbound the knight. And the knight thanked him,
and prayed him to ride with him to his castle there a little beside, and he should worshipfully
reward him for his good deeds.
"Sir," said Sir Beaumains, "I will no reward have; I was this day made knight of the noble Sir
Launcelot, and therefore I will have no reward, but God reward me. And also I must follow this
And when he came nigh her, she bade him ride from her, "for thou smellest all of the kitchen.
Weenest thou that I have joy of thee.l for all this deed that thou hast done is but mishappened
thee. But thou shalt see a sight that shall make thee to turn again, and that lightly."
[Then all the next day] this Beaumains rode with that lady till even-song time, and ever she
chid him and would not rest. And then they came to a black lawn, and there was a black
hawthorn, and thereon hung a black banner, and on the other side there hung a black shield, and
by it stood a black spear and a long, and a great black horse covered with silk, and a black
stone fast by it.
There sat a knight all armed in black harness, and his name was the Knight of the Black Lawns.
When the damsel saw the black knight, she bade Sir Beaumains flee down the valley, for his horse
was not saddled.
"I thank you," said Sir Beaumains, "for always ye will have me a coward."
With that the black knight came to the damsel, and said, "Fair damsel, have ye brought this
knight from King Arthur's court to be your champion?"
"Nay, fair knight," said she, "this is but a kitchen knave, that hath been fed in King
Arthur's kitchen for alms."
"Wherefore cometh he in such array?" said the knight' "it is great shame that he beareth you
"Sir, I cannot be delivered of him," said the damsel, "for with me he rideth maugre [in spite
of] mine head; would to God ye would put him from me, or else to slay him if ye may, for he is
an unhappy knave, and unhappy hath he done to-day through misadventure; for I saw him slay two
knights at the passage of the water, and other deeds he did before right marvellous, and all
"That marvelleth me," said the black knight, "that any man the which is of worship will have
to do with him."
"Sir, they know him not," said the damsel, "and because he rideth with me they think he is
some man of worship born."
"That may be," said the black knight, "howbeit, as ye say that he be no man of worship, he is
a full likely person, and full like to be a strong man; but thus much shall I grant you," said
the black knight, "I shall put him down upon his feet, and his horse and his harness he shall
leave with me, for it were shame to me to do him any more harm."
When Sir Beaumains heard him say thus, he said, "Sir knight, thou art full liberal of my
horse and my harness. I let thee wit it cost thee nought, and whether it liketh thee or not
this lawn will I pass, maugre thine head, and horse nor harness gettest thou none of me, but if
thou win them with thy hands; and therefore let see what thou canst do."
"Sayst thou that?" said the black knight, "now yield thy lady from thee, for it beseemeth
never a kitchen page to ride with such a lady."
"Thou liest," said Beaumains, "I am a gentleman born, and of more high lineage than thou, and
that will I prove on thy body."
Then in great wrath they departed with their horses, and came together as it had been the
thunder; and the black knight's spear brake, and Beaumains thrust him through both his sides,
and therewith his spear brake, and the truncheon left still in his side. But nevertheless the
black knight drew his sword, and smote many eager strokes and of great might, and hurt Beaumains
full sore. But at the last the black knight within an hour and a half he fell down off his
horse in a swoon, and there he died. And then Beaumains saw him so well horsed and armed, then
he alighted down, and armed him in his armor, and so took his horse, and rode after the damsel.
When she saw him come nigh, she said, "Away, kitchen knave, out of the wind, for the smell of
thy foul clothes grieveth me. Alas," she said, "that ever such a knave as thou art should by
mishap slay so good a knight as thou hast done, but all this is thine unhappiness. But hereby
is one shall pay thee all thy payment, and therefore yet I counsel thee, flee."
"It may happen me," said Beaumains, "to be beaten or slain, but I warn you, fair damsel, I
will not flee away for him, nor leave your company for all that ye can say; for ever ye say that
they slay me or beat me, but how soever it happeneth I escape, and they lie on the ground, and
therefore it Were as good for you to hold you still, than thus to rebuke me all day, for away
will I not till I feel the uttermost of this journey, or else I will be slain or truly beaten;
therefore ride on your way, for follow you I will, whatsoever happen."
Thus as they rode together they saw a knight come driving by them all in green, both his horse
and his harness, and when he came nigh the damsel he asked of her, "Is that my brother, the
black knight, that ye have brought with you?"
"Nay, nay," said she, "this unhappy kitchen knave hath slain your brother through
" Alas!" said the green knight, "that is great pity that so noble a knight as he was should so
unhappily be slain, and namely of a knave's hand, as ye say he is. Ah, traitor !" said the
green knight, "thou shalt die for slaying of my brother; he was a full noble knight, and his
name was Sir Periard."
"I defy thee," said Sir Beaumains, "for I let thee to wit I slew him knightly, and not
Therewithal the green knight rode unto an horn that was green, and it hung upon a thorn, and
there he blew three deadly notes, and there came three damsels that lightly armed him. And then
took he a great horse, and a green shield and a green spear. And then they ran together with
all their mights, and brake their spears unto their hands. And then they drew their swords, and
gave many sad strokes, and either of them wounded other full ill. And at the last at an
overthwart Beaumains' horse struck the green knight's horse upon the side [that] he fell to the
earth. And then the green knight avoided his horse lightly, and dressed him upon foot. That
saw Beaumains, and therewithal he alighted, and they rushed together like two mighty champions a
long while, and sore they bled both. With that came the damsel and said, "My lord the green
knight, why for shame stand ye so long fighting with the kitchen knave? Alas, it is shame that
ever ye were made knight, to see such a lad match such a knight as the weed overgrew the corn."
Therewith the green knight was ashamed, and therewithal he gave a great stroke of might, and
clave his shield through. When Beaumains saw his shield cloven asunder he was a little ashamed
of that stroke, and of her language; and then he gave him such a buffet upon the helm that he
fell on his knees; and so suddenly Beaumains pulled him upon the ground grovelling. And then
the green knight cried him mercy, and yielded him unto Sir Beaumains, and prayed him to slay him
"All is in vain," said Beaumains, "for thou shalt die, but if this damsel that came with me
pray me to save thy life."
And therewithal he unlaced his helm, like as he would slay him.
"Fie upon thee, false kitchen page, I will never pray thee to save his life, for I never will
be so much in thy danger."
"Then shall he die," said Beaumains.
"Not so hardy, thou foul knave," said the damsel, "that thou slay him."
"Alas," said the green knight, "suffer me not to die, for a fair word may save my life. O
fair knight," said the green knight, "save my life, and I will forgive the death of my brother,
and for ever to become thy man, and thirty knights that hold of me for ever shall do you
Said the damsel, "That such a kitchen knave should have thee and thirty knights' service!"
"Sir knight," said Sir Beaumains, "all this availeth not, but if my damsel speak with me for
And therewithal he made resemblance to slay him.
"Let be," said the damsel, "thou knave, slay him not, for if thou do, thou shalt repent it."
"Damsel," said Sir Beaumains, "your charge is to me a pleasure, and at your commandment his
life shall be saved, and else not."
Then he said, "Sir knight with the green arms, I release thee quit [acquitted] at this
damsel's request, for I will not make her wroth, I will fulfil all that she chargeth me."
And then the. green knight kneeled down and did him homage with his sword.
And always the damsel rebuked Sir Beaumains. And so that night they went unto rest, and all
that night the green knight commanded thirty knights privily to watch Beaumains, for to keep
him from all treason. And so on the morn they all arose, and heard their mass and brake their
fast, and then they took their horses and rode on their way, and the green knight conveyed them
through the forest, and there the green knight said, "My lord Beaumains, I and these thirty
knights shall be alway at your summons, both early and late, at your calling, and where that
ever ye will send us."
"It is well said," said Beaumains; "when that I call' upon you ye must yield you unto King
Arthur and all your knights."
It hung upon a thorn, and there he blew three deadly notes
"If that ye so command us, we shall be ready at all times," said the green knight.
"Fie, fie upon thee," said the damsel, "that any good knights should be obedient unto a
So then departed the green knight and the damsel. And then she said unto Beaumains, "Why
followest thou me, thou kitchen boy, east away thy shield and thy spear and flee away, yet I
counsel thee betimes, or thou shalt say right soon, Alas !"
"Damsel," said Sir Beaumains, "ye are uncourteous so to rebuke me as ye do, for meseemeth I
have done you great service, and ever ye threaten me for I shall be beaten with knights that we
meet, but ever for all your boast they lie in the dust or in the mire, and therefore I pray you
rebuke me no more; and when ye see me beaten or yielden as recreant, then may ye bid me go from
you shamefully, but first I let you wit I will not depart from you, for I were worse than a fool
and I would depart from you all the while that I win worship."
"Well," said she, "right soon there shall meet a knight shall pay thee all thy wages, for he
is the most man of worship of the world, except King Arthur."
"I Will well," said Beaumains; "the more he is of worship the more shall be my worship to have
ado with him."
Then anon they were ware where was before them a city rich and fair. And betwixt them and
the city a mile and a half there was a fair meadow that seemed new mown, and therein were many
pavilions fair to behold.
"Lo," said the damsel, "yonder is a lord that owneth yonder city, and his custom is when the
weather is fair to lie in this meadow to joust and tourney; and ever there be about him five
hundred knights and gentlemen of arms, and there be all manner of games that any gentleman can
"That goodly lord," said Beaumains, "would I fain see."
"Thou shalt see him time enough," said the damsel.
And so as she rode near she espied the pavilion where he was.
"Lo," said she, "seest thou yonder pavilion, that is all of the color of Inde, and all manner
of thing that there is about, men and women, and horses trapped, shields and spears, all of the
color of Inde, and his name is Sir Persant of Inde, the most lordliest knight that ever thou
"It may well be," said Beaumains, "but be he never so stout a knight, in this field I shall
abide till that I see him under his shield."
"Ah, fool," said she, "thou wert better flee betimes."
"Why," said Beaumains, "and he be such a knight as ye make him, he will not set upon me with
all his men, or with his five hundred knights. For and there come no more but one at once, I
shall him not fail whilst my life lasteth."
"Fie, fie," said the damsel, "that ever such a dirty knave should blow such a boast."
"Damsel," he said, "ye are to blame so to rebuke me, for I had lievet do five battles than so to
be rebuked; let him come, and then let him do his worst."
"Sir," she said, "I marvel what thou art, and of what kin thou art come: boldly thou speakest,
and boldly thou hast done, that have I seen' therefore I pray thee save thyself and thou mayest,
for thy horse and thou have had great travail, and I dread we dwell over long from the siege,
for it is but hence seven mile, and all perilous passages we are past, save all only this
passage, and here I dread me sore lest ye shall catch some hurt, therefore I would ye were
hence, that ye were not bruised nor hurt with this strong knight. But I let you wit this Sir
Petsant of Inde is nothing of might nor strength unto the knight that laid the siege about my
"As for that," said Sir Beaumains, "be it as it may; for since I am come so nigh this knight I
will prove his might or [ere] I depart from him, and else I shall be shamed and [if] I now
withdraw me from him. And therefore, damsel, have ye no doubt by the grace of God I shall so
deal with this knight, that within two hours after noon I shall deliver him, and then shall we
come to the siege by daylight."
"Oh, mercy, marvel have I," said the damsel, "what manner a man ye be, for it may never be
otherwise but that ye be come of a noble blood, for so foul and shamefully did never woman rule
a knight as I have done you, and ever courteously ye have suffered me, and that came never but
of a gentle blood."
"Damsel," said Beaumains, "a knight may little do that may not suffer a damsel; for whatsoever
ye said unto me I took none heed to your words, for the more ye said the more ye angered me, and
my wrath I wreaked upon them that I had ado withal. And therefore all the missaying that ye
missayed me furthered me in my battle, and caused me to think to show and prove myself at the
end what I was; for peradventure though I had meat in King Arthur's kitchen, yet I might have
had meat enough in other places; but all that I did for to prove my friends; and whether I be a
gentleman born or no, fair damsel, I have done you gentleman's service, and peradventure better
service yet will I do you or [before] I depart from you."
"Alas," said she, "fair Beaumains, forgive me all that I have missaid and misdone against
"With all my heart," said Sir Beaumains, "I forgive it you, for ye did nothing but as ye ought
to do, for all your evil words pleased me; and, damsel," said Sir Beaumains, "sith [since] it
liketh you to speak thus fair to me, wit ye well it gladdeth greatly mine heart; and now
meseemeth there is no knight living but I am able enough for him."
With this Sir Petsant of Inde had espied them, as they hoved [hovered] in the field, and
knightly he sent to them to know whether he came in war or in peace.
"Say unto thy lord," said Sir Beaumains, "I take no force,(1) but whether as him list(2) himself."
1 "I take no force," I care not.
2 "Him list," he wishes, he pleases.
So the messenger went again unto Sir Pusant, and told him all his answer.
"Well," said he, "then will I have ado with him to the uttermost;" and so he purveyed him
[prepared himself], and rode against him. And when Sir Beaumains saw him, he made him ready,
and there they met with all the might that their horses might run, and brake their spears either
in three pieces, and their horses rashed so together that both their horses fell dead to the
earth; and lightly they avoided their horses, and put their shields before them, and drew their
swords, and gave each other many great strokes, that sometime they so hurled together that they
fell both grovelling on the ground. Thus they fought two hours and more, that their shields and
their hauberks were all forhewen [hewn to pieces] and in many places they were sore wounded. So
at the last Sir Beaumains smote him through the cost [rib part] of the body, and then he
retrayed him [drew back] here and there, and knightly maintained his battle long time. And at
the last Sir Beaumains smote Sir Petsant on the helm that he fell grovelling to the earth, and
then he leaped overthwart [across] upon him, and unlaeed his helm for to have slain him. Then
Sir Petsant yielded him, and asked him mercy. With that came the damsel and prayed him to save
"I will well," said Sir Beaumains, "for it were pity that this noble knight should die."
"Gramercy," said Sir Pusant, "gentle knight and damsel, for certainly now I know well it was
you that slew the black knight my brother at the blackthorn; he was a full noble knight, his
name was Sir Periard. Also I am sure that ye are he that won mine other brother the green
knight' his name was Sir Pertolope. Also ye won the red knight, my brother, Sir Perimones. And
now, sir, sith ye have won these knights, this shall I do for to please you' ye shall have
homage and fealty of me, and an hundred knights to be always at your command, to go and ride
where ye will command us."
And so they went unto Sir Persant's pavilion, and there he drank wine and eat spices. And
afterward Sir Persant made him to rest upon a bed till it was supper time, and after supper to
bed again. And so we leave him there till on the morrow.
Now leave we the knight and the dwarf, and speak we of Beaumains, that all night lay in the
hermitage, and upon the morn he and the damsel Linet heard their mass, and brake their fast.
And then they took their horses and rode throughout a fair forest, and then they came to a
plain, and saw where were many pavilions and tents, and a fair castle, and there was much smoke
and great noise. And when they came near the siege Sir Beaumains espied upon great trees, as he
rode, how there hung full goodly armed knights by the neck, and their shields about their necks
with their swords, and gilt spurs upon their heels, and so there hung shamefully nigh forty
knights with rich arms. Then Sir Beaumains abated his countenance, and said, "What thing
"Fair sir," saith the damsel, "abate not your cheer for all this sight, for ye must encourage
yourself, or else ye be all shent [ruined], for all these knights came hither unto this siege to
rescue my sister dame Lyoness, and when the red knight of the red lawns had overcome them, he
put them to this shameful death, without mercy and pity, and in the same wise he will serve you,
but if ye quit [acquit] you the better."
"Now Jesu defend me," said Sir Beaumains, "from such a villanous death and shenship [disgrace]
of arms! for rather than thus I should fare withal, I would rather be slain manfully in plain
"So were ye better," said the damsel, "trust not in him, for in him is no courtesy, but all
goeth to the death or shameful murder, and that is great pity, for he is a full likely man and
well made of body, and a full noble knight of prowess, and a lord of great lands and
"Truly," said Sir Beaumains, "he may well be a good knight, but he useth shameful customs, and
it is great marvel that he endureth so long, that none of the noble knights of my lord King
Arthur's court have not dealt with him."
And then they rode unto the ditches, and saw them double ditched with full strong walls, and
there were lodged many great estates and lords nigh the walls, and there was great noise of
minstrels, and the sea beat upon the one side of the walls, where as were many ships and
mariners' noise with hale and how. And also there was fast by a sycamore tree, and thereon hung
an horn, the greatest that ever they saw, of an elephant's bone.
1 "Hale and how," haul and ho: the sailors'
cries in hoisting away, &c.
"And this knight of the red lawns hath hanged it up there, that if there come any errant
knight, he must blow that horn, and then will he make him ready, and come to him to do battle.
But sir, I pray you," said the damsel Linet, "blow ye not the horn till it be high noon, for now
it is about prime, and now increaseth his might, that, as men say, he hath seven men's
"Ah, fie for shame, fair damsel, say ye never so more to me, for, and he were as good a knight
as ever was, I shall never fail him in his most might, for either I will win worship
worshipfully, or die knightly in the field."
And therewith he spurred his horse straight to the sycamore tree and blew the horn so eagerly
that all the siege and the castle rang thereof. And then there leaped our knights out of their
tents and pavilions, and they within the castle looked over the walls and out at windows. Then
the red knight of the red lawns armed him hastily, and two barons set on his spurs upon his
heels, and all was blood-red, his armor, spear, and shield. And an earl buckled his helm upon
his head, and then they brought him a red spear and a red steed, and so he rode into a little
vale under the castle, that all that were in the castle and at the siege might behold the
"Sir," said the damsel Linet unto Sir Beaumains, "look ye be glad and light, for yonder is
your deadly enemy, and at yonder window is my lady my sister, dame Lyoness."
"Where ?" said Beaumains.
"Yonder," said the damsel, and pointed with her finger.
"That is truth," said Beaumains. "She seemeth afar the fairest lady that ever I looked upon,
and truly," he said, "I ask no better quarrel than now for to do battle, for truly she shall be
my lady, and for her I will fight."
And ever he looked up to the window with glad countenance. And the lady Lyoness made courtesy
to him down to the earth, with holding up both her hands. With that the red knight of the red
lawns called to Sir Beaumains, "Leave, sir knight, thy looking, and behold me, I counsel thee,
for I warn thee well she is my lady, and for her I have done many strong battles."
"If thou have so done," said Beaumains, "meseemeth it was but waste labor, for she loveth none
of thy fellowship, and thou to love that loveth not thee, is a great folly. For if I understood
that she were not glad of my coming, I would be advised or I did battle for her, but I
understand by the besieging of this castle she may forbear thy company. And therefore wit thou
well, thou red knight of the red lawns, I love her and will rescue her, or else die in the
"Sayest thou that?" said the red knight; "me seemeth thou ought of reason to beware by yonder
knights that thou sawest hang upon yonder great elms."
"Fie, fie, for shame," said Sir Beaumains, "that ever thou shouldest say or do so evil and such
shamefulness, for in that thou shamest thyself and the order of knighthood, and thou mayst be
sure there will no lady love thee that knoweth thy detestable customs. And now thou weenest
[thinkest] that the sight of these hanged knights should fear [scare] me and make me aghast, nay
truly not so, that shameful sight causeth me to have courage and hardiness against thee more
than I would have had against thee and if thou be a well ruled knight."
"Make thee ready," said the red knight of the red lawns, "and talk no longer with me."
Then Sir Beaumains bade the damsel go from him, and then they put their spears in their rests,
and came together with all the might they had, and either smote other in the midst of their
shields, that the paytrels [breast-plates], surcingles, and cruppers burst, and fell both to
the ground with the reins of their bridles in their hands, and so they lay a great while sore
astonied, and all they that were in the castle and at the siege wend [thought] their necks had
been broken, and then many a stranger and other said that the strange knight was a big man and a
noble jouster, "for or [ere] now we saw never no knight match the red knight of the red lawns;"
thus they said both within the castle and without. Then they lightly avoided their horses and
put their shields afore them, and drew their swords and ran together like two fierce lions, and
either gave other such buffets upon their helms that they reeled both backward two strides; and
then they recovered both, and hewed great pieces from their harness and their shields that a
great part fell in the fields.
And then thus they fought till it was past noon and never would stint till at last they lacked
wind both, and then they stood wagging and scattering, panting, blowing and bleeding, that all
that beheld them for the most part wept for pity. So when they had rested them a while they
went to battle again, tracing, racing, foining [feinting], as two boars. And at some time they
took their run as it had been two rams, and hurtled together that sometimes they fell grovelling
to the earth; and at some time they were so amazed that either took other's sword instead of his
Thus they endured till even-song time [vespers], that there was none that beheld them might
know whether was like to win the battle; and their armor was so far hewn that men might see
their naked sides, and in other places they were naked, but ever the naked places they did
defend. And the red knight was a wily knight of war, and his wily fighting taught Sir Beaumains
to be wise; but he abought [paid for] it full sore ere he did espy his fighting. And thus by
assent of them both, they granted either other to rest; and so they set them down upon two
mole-hills there beside the fighting place, and either of them unlaced his helm, and took the
cold wind, for either of their pages was fast by them, to come when they called to unlace their
harness and to set it on again at their command. And then when Sir Beaumains' helm was off, he
looked up unto the window, and there he saw the fair lady dame Lyoness. And she made to him
such countenance that his heart was light and joyful. And therewith he started up suddenly, and
bade the red knight make him ready to do the battle to the uttermost.
"I will well," said the red knight.
And then they laced up their helms, and their pages avoided [got out of the way], and they
stepped together and fought freshly. but the red knight of the red lawns awaited him, and at an
overthwart [crosswise] smote him within the hand, that his sword fell out of his hand; and yet
he gave him another buffet on the helm that he fell grovelling to the earth, and the red knight
fell over him for to hold him down.
Then cried the maiden Liner on high, "O Sir Beaumains, where is thy courage become! Alas, my
lady my sister beholdeth thee, and she sobbeth and weepeth, that maketh mine heart heavy."
When Sir Beaumains heard her say so, he started up with a great might and gat him upon his
feet, and lightly he leaped to his sword and griped it in his hand, and doubled his pace unto
the red knight, and there they fought a new battle together. But Sir Beaumains then doubled his
strokes, and smote so thick that he smote the sword out of his hand, and then he smote him upon
the helm that he fell to the earth, and Sir Beaumains fell upon him, and unlaced his helm to
have slain him; and then he yielded him and asked mercy, and said with a loud voice, "O noble
knight, I yield me to thy mercy."
Then Sir Beaumains bethought him upon the knights that he had made to be hanged shamefully,
and then he said, "I may not with my worship save thy life, for the shameful deaths thou hast
caused many full good knights to die."
"Sir," said the red knight of the red lawns, "hold your hand, and ye shall know the causes why
I put them to so shameful a death."
"Say on," said Sir Beaumains.
"Sir, I loved once a lady, a fair damsel, and she had her brother slain, and she said it was
Sir Launcelot du Lake, or else Sir Gawaine, and she prayed me as that I loved her heartily that
I would make hera promise by the faith of my knighthood for to labor daily in arms until I met
with one of them, and all that I might overcome I should put them unto a villanous death; and
this is the cause that I have put all these knights to death, and so I ensured her to do all the
villany unto King Arthur's knights, and that I should take vengeance upon all these knights.
And, sir, now I will thee tell that every day my strength inereaseth till noon, and all this
time have I seven men's strength."
Then came there many earls, and barons, and noble knights, and prayed that knight to save his
life, and take him to your prisoner' and all they fell upon their knees and prayed him of mercy,
and that he would save his life, and, "Sir," they all said, "it were fairer of him to take
homage and fealty, and let him hold his lands of you, than for to slay him' by his death ye
shall have none advantage, and his misdeeds that be done may not be undone; and therefore he
shall make amends to all parties, and we all will become your men, and do you homage and
"Fair lords," said Beaumains, "wit you well I am full loth to slay this knight, nevertheless
he hath done passing ill and shamefully. But insomuch all that he did was at a lady's request,
I blame him the less, and so for your sake I will release him, that he shall have his life upon
this covenant, that he go within the castle and yield him there to the lady, and if she will
forgive and quit [acquit] him, I will well; with this that he make her amends of all the
trespass he hath done against her and her lands. And also, when that is done, that ye go unto
the court of King Arthur, and there that ye ask Sir Launcelot mercy, and Sir Gawaine, for the
evil will ye have had against them."
"Sir," said the red knight of the red lawns, "all this will I do as ye command, and certain
assurance and sureties ye shall have."
And so then when the assurance was made, he made his homage and fealty, and all those earls
and barons with him.
And then the maiden Liner came to Sir Beaumains and unarmed him, and searched his wounds, and
stinted his blood, and in likewise she did to the red knight of the red lawns. And so they
sojourned ten days in their tents. And the red knight made his lords and servants to do all the
pleasure that they might unto Sir Beaumains.
And within a while after, the red knight of the red lawns went unto the castle and put him in
the lady Lyoness' grace, and so she received him upon sufficient sureties, and all her hurts
were well restored of all that she could complain. And then he departed and went unto the court
of King Arthur, and there openly the red knight of the red lawns put him in the mercy of Sir
Launcelot and Sir Gawaine, and there he told openly how he was overcome, and by whom, and
also he told of all the battles, from the beginning to the ending.
"Jesus, mercy," said King Arthur and Sir Gawaine, "we marvel much of what blood he is come,
for he is a full noble knight."
"Have ye no marvel," said Sir Launcelot, "for ye shall right well wit that he is come of a
full noble blood, and, as for his might and hardiness, there be but few now living that is so
mighty as he is and so noble of prowess."
"It seemeth by you," said King Arthur, "that ye know his name, and from whence he is come, and
of what blood he is."
"I suppose I do so," said Sir Launcelot, "or else I would not have given him the order of
knighthood; but he gave me at that time such charge that I should never discover him until he
required me, or else it be known openly by some other."
Now return we unto Sir Beaumains, which desired of the damsel Liner that he might see her
sister his lady.
"Sir," said she, "I would fain ye saw her."
Then Sir Beaumains armed him at all points, and took his horse and his spear, and rode
straight to the castle. And when he came to the gate, he found there many men armed, that pulled
up the drawbridge and drew the port close. Then marvelled he why they would not suffer him to
enter in. And then he looked up to the window, and there he saw the fair lady dame Lyoness, that
said on high' "Go thy way, Sir Beaumains, for as yet thou shalt not wholly have my love, until
the time thou be called one of the number of the worthy knights; and therefore go and labor in
arms worshipfully these twelve months, and then ye shall hear new tidings; and perde [per dieu,
truly] a twelvemonth will be soon gone, and trust you me, fair knight, I shall be true unto you,
and shall never betray you, but unto my death I shall love you and none other."
And therewithal she turned her from the window. And Sir Beaumains rode away from the castle
in making great moan and sorrow; and so he rode here and there, and wist not whither he rode,
till it was dark night; and then it happened him to come to a poor man's house, and there he was
harbored all that night. But Sir Beaumains could have no rest, but wallowed and writhed for the
love of the lady of the castle. And so on the morrow he took his horse and his armor, and rode
till it was noon; and then he came unto a broad water, and thereby was a great lodge, and there
he alighted to sleep, and laid his head upon his shield, and betook his horse to the dwarf, and
commanded him to watch all night.
Now turn we to the lady of the castle, that thought much upon Sir Beaumains; and then she
called unto her Sir Gringamor her brother, and prayed him in all manner, as he loved her
heartily, that he would ride after Sir Beaumains, "and ever have him in a wait [look after him]
till that ye may find him sleeping, for I am sure in his heaviness he will alight down in some
place and lie down to sleep, and therefore have your watch upon him, and, in the priviest wise
[softest way] that ye can, take his dwarf from him, and go your way with him as fast as ever ye
may or Sir Beaumains awake; for my sister Liner hath showed me that the dwarf can tell of what
kindred he is come, and what his right name is; and in the meanwhile I and my sister will ride
to your castle to await when ye shall bring with you this dwarf, and then when ye have brought
him to your castle, I will have him in examination myself; unto the time I know what his right
name is, and of what kindred he is come, shall I never be merry at my heart."
"Sister," said Sir Gringamor, "all this shall be done after your intent." And so he rode all
the other day and the night till that he found Sir Beaumains lying by a water, and his head upon
his shield, for to sleep. And then when he saw Sir Beaumains fast on sleep, he came stilly
stalking behind the dwarf, and plucked him fast under his arm, and so he rode away with him as
fast as ever he might unto his own castle. But ever as he rode with the dwarf towards his
castle, he cried unto his lord and prayed him of help. And therewith awoke Sir Beaumains, and
up he leaped lightly, and saw where Sir Gringamor rode his way with the dwarf, and so Sir
Gringamor rode out of his sight.
Then Sir Beaumains put on his helm anon, and buckled his shield, and took his horse and rode
after him all that ever he might ride, through marshes and fields and great dales, that many
times his horse and he plunged over the head in deep mires, for he knew not the way, but he took
the next [nearest] way in that woodness [madness] that many times he was like to perish. [And
so he came following his dwarf to Sir Gringamor's castle. But aforetime the lady Lyoness had
come and had the dwarf in examination; and the dwarf had told the lady how that Sir Beaumains
was the son of a king, and how his mother was sister to King Arthur, and how his right name was
Sir Gareth of Orkney.]
And as they sat thus talking, there came Sir Beaumains at the gate with an angry countenance,
and his sword drawn in his hand, and cried aloud that all the castle might hear it, saying,
"Thou traitor, Sir Gringamor, deliver me my dwarf again, or by the faith that I owe to the order
of knighthood, I shall do thee all the harm that I can."
Then Sir Gringamor looked out at a window, and said, "Sir Gareth of Orkney, leave thy boasting
words, for thou gettest not thy dwarf again."
"Thou coward knight," said Sir Gareth, "bring him with thee, and come and do battle with me,
and win him, and take him."
"So will I do," said Sir Gringamor, "and me list [if it please me], but for all thy great
words thou gettest him not." "Ah, fair brother," said dame Lyoness, "I would he had his dwarf
again, for I would not he were wroth, for now he hath told me all my desire I will no longer
keep the dwarf. And also, brother, he hath done much for me, and delivered me from the red
knight of the red lawns, and therefore, brother, I owe him my service afore all knights living;
and wit ye well I love him above all other knights, and full fain would I speak with him, but in
no wise I would he wist what I were, but that I were another strange lady."
"Well," said Sir Gringamor, "sith [since] that I know your will, I will now obey unto him."
And therewithal he went down unto Sir Gareth, and said, "Sir, I ery you merey, and all that I
have misdone against your person I will amend it at your own will, and therefore I pray you that
you will alight, and take such cheer as I can make you here in this castle."
"Shall I then have my dwarf again?" said Sir Gareth.
The lady Lioness...had the dwarf in examination
"Yea, sir, and all the pleasure that I can make you, for as soon as your dwarf told me what ye
were and of what blood that ye are come, and what noble deeds ye have done in these marches
[borders], then I repent me of my deeds." And then Sir Gareth alighted down from his horse, and
therewith came his dwarf and took his horse.
"O my fellow," said Sir Gareth, "I have had many evil adventures for thy sake."
And so Sir Gringamor took him by the hand, and led him into the hall, and there was Sir
And then there came forth into the hall dame Lyoness arrayed like a princess, and there she
made him passing good cheer, and he her again. And they had goodly language and lovely
countenance together. And Sir Gareth many times thought in himself, "Would to God that the lady
of the Castle Perilous were so fair as she is!" There were all manner of games and plays, both
of dancing and leaping; and ever the more Sir Gareth beheld the lady, the more he loved her, and
so he burned in love that he was past himself in his understanding. And forth towards night
they went to supper, and Sir Gareth might not eat, for his love was so hot that he wist not
where he was. All these looks Sir Gringamor espied, and after supper he called his sister dame
Lyoness unto a chamber, and said' "Fair sister, I have well espied your countenance between you
and this knight, and I will, sister, that ye wit that he is a full noble knight, and if ye can
make him to abide here, I will do to him all the pleasure that I can, for and ye were better
than ye be, ye were well bestowed upon him."
"Fair brother," said dame Lyoness, "I understand well that the knight is good, and come he is
of a noble house; notwithstanding I will assay him better, for he hath had great labor for my
love, and hath passed many a dangerous passage."
Right so Sir Gringamor went unto Sir Gareth, and said' "Sir, make ye good cheer; for wist
[know] ye well that she loveth you as well as ye do her, and better if better may be."
"And I wist that," said Sir Gareth, "there lived not a gladder man than I would be."
"Upon my worship," said Sir Gringamor, "trust unto my promise; and as long as it liketh you ye
shall sojourn with me, and this lady shall be with us daily and nightly to make you all the
cheer that she can."
"I will well," said Sir Gareth, "for I have promised to be nigh this country this twelvemonth.
And well I am sure King Arthur and other noble knights will find me where that I am within this
twelvemonth. For I shall be sought and found, if that I be on live."
And then the noble knight Sir Gareth went unto the dame Lyoness, which he then much loved, and
kissed her many times, and either made great joy of other. And there she promised him her love,
certainly to love him and none other the days of her life. Then this lady, dame Lyoness, by the
assent of her brother, told Sir Gareth all the truth what she was, and how she was the same lady
that he did battle for, and how she was lady of the Castle Perilous. And there she told him how
she caused her brother to take away his dwarf, "For this cause, to know the certainty what was
your name, and of what kin ye were come."
And then she let fetch before him Liner the damsel, which had ridden with him many dreary
ways. Then was Sir Gareth more gladder than he was tofore. And then they troth(1) plight each
other to love, and never to fail while their life lasted.
1 "Troth," truth, and "plight," wove' "troth plight,"
wove their truth together.
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The illustrations are by N.C. Wyeth (1882 - 1945) first published Scribner's 1924)